The main references for the model formulation are papers by Neelin and Zeng  and Zeng, et al. . A summary of the project leading up to the initial QTCM1 formulation may be found in Neelin , while the basis for the analytical approximations for dynamics are found in Neelin and Yu  and Yu and Neelin . Documentation of the radiation and cloud packages may be found in Chou and Neelin  and Chou .
A summary of the model formulation is provided as Appendix A. This summary appeared as a conference preprint to the 1997 American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting .
This chapter describes some of the parameterizations used to describe atmospheric physics, as a well as a discussion of the justifications used in calculating key parameters used in QTCM1.